Monday, November 30, 2015

New Kentucky Bridge to be Named for Abraham Lincoln

I mrentioned this possibility recently, and it has now come to fruition. I think it is a good decision and am glad to see Lincoln's memory continue to live on in such a fashion.

Here is a picture from the story about it.

Monday, November 23, 2015

"Old South" Mural to be Covered Up at University of Kentucky

With all the discussion over monument removal or reinterpretation and, more recently, student protests on various college campuses, these stories have occurred around the country. Now one has reached my alma mater, the University of Kentucky.

They will now remove or cover up a mural in Memorial Hall, one of the signature buildings on the campus, because of its portrayal of slavery in the old South. Here is a link to the story 

The U.K. Logo, used on much of the school's material and stationary. The tower image between the "U" and "K" is from the top of Memorial Hall.

I was in the building several times while attending the school, but don't recall seeing the mural in question. It was never an issue when I was there and I never noticed it. I have attached a small image of it from the story I saw today. It is not a great picture, but is the best I have.

My initial thought is: a university is an institute of learning, but does covering up or removing an image of the state and region's past help accomplish that?

Of course, I do not want students at the school to be offended, but how do we balance that with the educational mission of the school? Not everything in history is feel-good or non-offensive. Some very bad things happened. Do we next try to remove references to such things from textbooks?

I guess another question is if such a painting is artwork to hang on a wall just to look at, or is it another way to learn and to think, different than the usual books and lectures? Is provoking thought a goal of art? If "a picture is worth a thousand words" cannot such images be used to teach history, in this case about both the era of slavery and of the 1930s when this work was commissioned? Could moving such an image to a museum or other similar setting help give this piece educational value Or is it simply more important to avoid offense or discomfort in all cases? I don't take offense to much, even stuff I don't like, but not everyone is the same way. 

If I see any more updates on this, I will share them, either here or on Facebook

Thursday, November 19, 2015

A Few Appropriate Remarks


In the last few years, I have found myself favoring Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural over the Gettysburg Address  as my "favorite" Lincoln speech, or perhaps the one I thought had the most meaning, but as I have recently read and re-read the Gettysburg Address, I am not so certain. I do not know why my appreciation for this speech has grown, but it seems to be doing so. The concluding concepts of a "new birth of freedom" and "government of, by and for the people" really strike a chord with me right now.

Perhaps I can learn to accept that neither speech is better/more meaningful/more important than the other and just appreciate both at the same level. Not everything has to be better or worse than everything else.

Both are remarkable addresses, but since today is the anniversary of the remarks in that small Pennsylvania town, I will reprint those words, from the Bliss copy as on

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. 
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. 
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Will Kentucky Name a Bridge after Abraham Lincoln?

I just found this article on Facebook and thought it was worth some discussion. I do not live in or travel to the area of the Commonwealth mentioned in the article, so I likely won't cross this bridge, at least soon, but I find this to be an interesting idea, one I would not oppose.

I am sure there are other worthy names to discuss, but this idea interests me because it shows Lincoln can still play a role the state's collective memory, 150 years after his death, and be more than an ignored face on countless pennies or the more appreciated $5 bill. 

I guess that is not a revelation, but sometimes I do wonder if people in general know or care much about history, even such an important and famous figure like Old Abe. Perhaps that is just me being overly cynical.

I especially like how this would give a bigger chance to discuss Lincoln's ties to that specific region. People may not always appreciate history, but local connections or stories can sometimes draw more interest than a larger or national story can. Explaining Lincoln from that more local perspective would be a nice regionalized story and a good addition to the Lincoln Heritage Trail. (This is part of my personal temptation to claim "all history is local." I know it's not true, but is it often seems at least partially true to me. It's at least something for me to ponder sometimes.) The fact that his memory is already honored around the state does not mean that we should stop finding new ways to study and remember his life and legacy, and this sounds like a good addition to me.

Wednesday, November 11, 2015

Derrill Wason Hart: Kentucky Basketball and Dahlias

This post is the start a story of a man whose life and family history combined two of my passions, the Civil War and University of Kentucky basketball. It was going to be one single fun post, but I kept finding more sources and more information, so It will take a few posts to tell this whole tale which has become perhaps my favorite project I've found for this blog.

I start here with a biographical sketch on Derrill Wason Hart, and will follow it with other posts detailing his connection to the Civil War (and, thus, this blog) as well as some of his family history.

Derrill was born December 12, 1892 in Woodford County, Kentucky, the third son (and fifth and final child) of Robert Singleton Hart and Rebecca Wright Wason Hart. Robert had been a Civil War veteran, fighting for the 22nd Alabama Infantry of the Confederate army. (One of Robert's older brothers was named Derrill, so it is conceivable that is where this story's subject got his first name, while his middle name was a gift from his mother, her maiden name.)


Photos courtesy

Derrill attended the State University of Kentucky (now known as the University of Kentucky, a.k.a. UK) and was a multi-sport athlete. He stood 6 feet, 2 inches tall and played forward on the varsity basketball team, for which he scored 318 career points (97 field goals, 124 free throws) in the 1910-11, 1911-12 and 1915-16 seasons, with a team high of 186 points in 14 games during his final season, an average of about 13.3 points per game. (For comparison's sake, 99 years later, in an era of shot clocks and the three-point shot, the program's leading scorer averaged just 11 points per game, though on a team known for a a balanced attack and great depth of talent.) 

The UK yearbook (obviously not an objective source) described his play during the 1912 season, during which UK went undefeated: "Derrill was the steadiest man of the five and pulled off any number of brilliant and startling stunts into the bargain. His work passing was sure and swift, while his shots for baskets were in many cases little short of phenomenal. He led the other fellows a merry chase throughout the whole of every game and wound up the season with an enviable record." (Writing sure has changed in the last century!) 

He did not play in 1913 and 1914, as  he had graduated and was no longer in school. I do not know why he would have been eligible again in 1915 when he was in graduate school except that rules at that time were not as strict as they are today. (The primary current guardian of collegiate sports, the National Collegiate Athletic Association, a.k.a. the NCAA, began in the first few years of the 20th century, but did not hold any championship events until 1921 and did not sponsor a basketball championship iuntil 1939, well after Derrill's time.)

He also played varsity tennis for the Wildcats and apparently on club teams in baseball and football. 

Details about his life are available through several sources, including the reports of his death. Here is his obituary (from the Lexington Herald, found on his profile page at Jon Scott's incredible Kentucky Basketball History Site. Thanks to Jon for looking through his information to find this name and his tie to the Civil War, allowing me to begin my research.) His obituary from the Brooklyn Daily Eagle also provides valuable information.

He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English in 1912 from UK, where he was a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity. He spent a few years teaching in Lexington, then held a fellowship in English in 1915 before earning a Master's Degree in 1916. (His masters thesis was entitled: "A Philological Study of the Kentucky Mountaineer, as based upon Surnames and the Vernacular.")  He joined the navy around the time of World War I as an apprentice seaman before obtaining the rank of ensign two years later. One document on UK's website mentions a "base hospital unit 40" by his name, on a list of UK alumni in the military, but I have not yet found where that was.

His draft registration card (a copy of page 1 with his signature is below) shows he was tall, of medium build, with brown hair and blue eyes. He was still single and teaching school when he completed this form, which is dated June 5 on page two. No year was listed, but the first national registration for this war was on June 5, 1917, for men of ages 21 through 31, such as Derrill.

The question concerning military service and rank remained blank, creating questions about exactly when he served in the navy. One obituary says he joined the navy in 1916. This was before he signed the registration form, so why did he not complete that section? Perhaps the obituary was incorrect, misremembered by his widow or sister. Maybe not answering it was just a mistake. Another possibility is that someone else completed and signed this in his place and did not know the answer. If he did fill the form out himself, was avoiding a possible draft motivation for him to join the navy? 

After his military service, he settled in New York and found employment in the publishing industry. 
He worked at Doubleday, Page & Co., for over a decade, publishing what became the American Home magazine. 

He developed a strong interest in dahlias, raising them at his sister's house in Garden City on Long Island, (where Doubleday Page's operations were headquartered) and turning that interest into expertise. In 1921, he began publishing an annual honor roll of new dahlias. He accepted jobs at both the New York Sun (as editor of the garden section) and the New York Times and eventually became the advertising manager at the Flower Grower magazine. These jobs probably allowed him to continue pursuit of his passion for dahlias.

 In 1931, he helped establish a dahlia garden as a gift to the engineering school at UK, as he was a friend of that school's dean. This garden, near that school, later became a southern proving ground for dahlias and held 120 specimens. A September 1931 article in the university's student newspaper, the Kentucky Kernel, described the the garden in rather romantic terms:  "Entrancing beauty, grace of form, and a wealth of loveliness; a selection of bloom in a spectrum of coloring; a spot wherein one may spend an idle hour wandering among the royalty of nature."

It also stated that Hart was then the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the American Dahlia Society.

UK's website,, has two pictures of the entrance gate to the garden. The second one shows Derrill standing between two professors, though the page inexplicably names him as "Terrill Hart." (That may have been due to how the newspaper was scanned or optically read.) The Kernel article mentioned that students at the university had made the gate and other garden enclosures, including an ivy-covered fence.

In 1934, he was elected president of the American Dahlia Society and to this date, that same group presents the Derrill Hart Medal "to the cultivar that has the highest average trial garden score in the 7 accredited Trial Gardens located in several areas across the United States and Canada during the previous year" per the society's webpage. More information on this and other dahlia prizes is at this link and one message board has a brief discussion of what winning this medal means in regard to the actual flowers.

Here is a picture of one Derrill Hart Medal winner, the Hollyhill Cotton Candy Dahlia.


The book History of Woodford County, Kentucky lists a D.W. Hart among the deacons of the Pisgah Presbyterian Church in that county, so Derrill may have been involved with the church while he still lived in Kentucky. His father and maternal grandfather were elders in the same institution, so he did have family ties there. 

His obituaries noted he passed away in New York, but had returned to Kentucky often after he had left the state including for Pisgah's 150th anniversary in 1934.

Details about his time in New York  - why he settled there, his married life and why he died - remain a bit uncertain for now. Perhaps that was where he left the navy, though he does not appear on the 1920 census for New York. (He does not seem to be anywhere in the U.S. on that census.)

One of his survivors listed in his obituary was his widow, Rita Allaine D'Aleze Hart from Anjers, France, so it seems reasonable to guess that he met her during his time in the service. Perhaps he was in France or elsewhere overseas in the navy when the 1920 census took place.

The 1930 census shows Derrill Hart living on Block D of West 96th Street in Manhattan and indicates he worked as a salesman in the in advertising industry. (He lived at 700 West End Avenue by the time of his death.) It does correctly show he was born in Kentucky, though his listed age of 36 is slightly different than the 1892 birth date would indicate. The census took place in May, before Derrill turned 38 in December, and a one year difference is not uncommon on such records.

The census also shows that both his parents were both in Kentucky, though maybe that was an 
error by the census taker or whoever provided the information, as his dad was from Alabama. It does list him as a veteran and "WW" as the war, presumably standing for "World War" since the second such war was still in the future. 

It shows that Derrill lived in a rented home. In a sign of the times, it also shows he owned a radio set, but does not show him having any children.

One possible issue with this record is its listing of Derrill's wife as Lauri, recording that they had been married for 4 years. Perhaps she died and he got remarried, to Rita, sometime after the census. One link supports this possibility, as it shows a Derrill W.Hart marrying Rita Newberry on December 20, 1933. Of course, that last name does not match the one in the obituary, but the first name does, and the date casts doubt on the idea that they met during the war. 

Further confusion comes from an undated Kentucky Alumnus page on UK's website that reports  "recent marriages" and includes a listing: "Rita Allene D'Aleze to Derrill Wason Hart '12." The latest date I could find on that page was a birth listed on December 9, 1933, so this article was likely from 1934. 

Were Rita Newberry and Rita Allene D'Aleze the same person? Did one of these records, perhaps the one from New York, simply show the wrong name? Perhaps future research will help clarify this issue.

Derrill Wason Hart passed away on June 16, 1936 at his home in New York, only 43 years old. 

His obituary in the Kernel called the garden he gave to UK "a gesture of the love he bore the university" and reported that his work "brought fame to the university in agricultural circles by the successful experiments that were carried on through this garden." He was "invaluable" as a friend of the university and would "be missed by those who knew him."

Funeral services took place both in New York and back in his native Woodford County. He was buried in the family plot in the Pisgah Presbyterian Church Cemetery. (Among others buried in the same graveyard is former Kentucky governor, Senator and Major League Baseball commissioner A.B. "Happy" Chandler.)


Derrill Wason Hart led a short but full life, playing collegiate athletics, earning two college degrees, serving in the navy during Workd War I, having a successful career in the publishing and advertising industries and leaving a legacy in the world of dahlias. His military career was one similarity he shared with his father and uncles, which future posts here will explore.

See future posts for more details on Derrill's family and how it ties this post into my Civil War obsession.

Saturday, October 31, 2015

2 More Local Lincoln Statues

Statue at Public library in Covington, courtesy abrahamlincolnonline

Up lose view courtesy

Statue at Chase College of Law, courtesy chase

Cropped version 

I just found out about two more local statues of Abraham Lincoln, and though these apparently created no controversy like the uproar over the work by George Barnard Gray, they also feature the younger, unbearded Lincoln. This is another instance of how writing this blog has allowed me to learn something, though I do,admit embarrassment about not knowing of these sooner. Oh well. Now I know.

Most statues of the Lincoln seem to show him as President, with his famous facial hair. Perhaps this shows that it was that stage of his life and career that became most memorable, because of the war and/or the Emancipation Proclamation. Of course, just the office of President brought him fame that his previous careers could not, so it is probably seems that this older, bearded Lincoln would be the most well-known and remembered and, thus the most likely yo be featured in works of art. 

Here is an excerpt from the description of the statue outside the Covington library from my favorite 
Lincoln website, Abraham Lincoln Online.

Sculptor Matt Langford has depicted what Lincoln might have looked like as a young man, when he experienced a period of struggle and self-education. Two symbols help represent Lincoln's life at this time -- the ax, which helped to support himself, and a book, which speaks of his aspirations. A plaque on the base reads, "I shall prepare myself. Someday my chance will come."

Langford, who lives in an antebellum log cabin in nearby Union, hopes to inspire younger generations with this image of a future president who rose from his humble Kentucky origins through hard work, disciplined study, and determination.

I believe that both of these were commissioned by Oakley and Eve Farris, local philanthropists.

I will try to visit these to get some of my own pictures and observations as soon as I can.

Friday, October 23, 2015

One Line From Thee: A Poem on an Envelope

I am transcribing a soldier's letter from 1862. Fortunately, the envelope it was sent in came with it and has a few lines of poetry as well as a George Washington stamp on it. It is not a Civil War specific poem, but I think it is a pleasant read and it does show a major difference in the worlds of then and now. Emails sure are fast and convenient, but lack some of the traits of a hand-written letter, including envelopes and perhaps a sort of character or personal touch. Of course, modern envelopes are pretty mostly plain white and kind of generic, but perhaps the older envelopes, aka "covers" are like an early version of post cards, with illustrations or pre-printed messages on them, sometimes, especially during the war, of a political nature. I find this particular verse to be a really nice message, with clever writing and rhymes.

I'll post the letter once I have finished transcribing it and researching a couple of names it mentions.

No wrath that fame entwineth,
For Genius’ noble son,
No gem that brightly shineth,
For Fortune’s favored one.
No coral from the ocean, 
No diamond from the mine,
Will wake such sweet emotion
As one short note of thine.

For Fame’s bright wreath will sever,
And all her buds decay,
And Fortune’s gems will never
Prove cheering while they stay.
The treasures that are glowing
In caves of earth or sea.
Though purest light bestowing,
Will shine in vain for me.

But what thou has indited,
Each letter thou hast penned,
The faithful heart’s delighted
Of one who is your friend.
Oh! treasures from the ocean, 
Or from the shaded mine, 
Can wake no such emotion
As one short note of thine.