Thursday, May 5, 2016

Wrap-Up and Some Sources for Hart Series

Well, my series on Derrill Wason Hart and his family has finally reached its conclusion with this post. It started out to be just one post, then evolved into perhaps two or three, but ended up being nine posts, including this one. I have really enjoyed this project and have learned quite a few new ideas about online research and how to continue to look for more information even when I think I am done. Perhaps some better planning would be helpful as well, though planning for the unexpected might not be easy. Still, this project has been good for me in more than one way. 

Anyway, I found and used many different sources in this series. Most are linked and/or mentioned throughout the various stories, but I originally noted that I would make a separate post of sources, so, to keep my word, here it is. Some of these may be duplicated in the various posts, but better safe than sorry.


Here is a list of the posts in this series.

Wednesday, May 4, 2016

Hart Family: A Genealogical Sketch

This is the latest and probably last (except for a list of sources) installation of a series of posts I originally intended as just one entry on a man named Derrill Wason Hart, who played college basketball at the University of Kentucky. I was going to title it Basketball, Dahlias and the Civil War, at least until I found more information than I expected and decided to separate the stories into multiple parts. See my previous posts:

This entry will concentrate on some of his family history outside of the war.

Derrill's mother Rebecca Wright Wason Hart was born May 4, 1851 and was a member of one of the earliest families to settle in the Pisgah area of Woodford County, Kentucky, according to this link. I have seen similar information at links such as this one which indicates her father Robert H. Wason was a doctor and also an elder in the Pisgah Presbyterian Church. 

The Wasons were well-off financially. The 1860 slave schedule indicates that Robert owned thirteen slaves, down from the twenty listed on the 1850 record. Tax records from the 1860s show he raised dozens of hogs as well. The 1870 census listed him as a physician, with an impressive $33,000 of real estate and $4,000 worth of personal property. 

Robert Wason had been born on March 11, 1811 in Woodford County and married another Woodford County native, Margaret Gay (his second wife), who had been born June 30, 1821. The book History of Woodford County Kentucky (which misspells their name as Wasson) states that Robert's parents were from Greencastle, Pennsylvania and family trees on ancestry.com show that her parents were Virginians. 

Robert and Margaret had nine children, five daughters and four sons. Robert passed away October 10, 1891, while his widow lived until February 9, 1897. Both are buried in the Pisgah Cemetery.

 
Both pictures courtesy findagrave.com

Derrill 's middle name was his mother's maiden name, similar to many other men born in the 19th century. Naming children after parents or other family members also was a common Hart family practice.

Derrill's father, Robert Singleton Hart, (his middle name was his grandmother's maiden name and his mother's middle name) was born January 9, 1843, the son of Benjamin and Anne Singleton (Falconer) Hart. He was a successful professional and family man, as he was a Civil War officer (2nd Lieutenant in the 22nd Alabama Infantry), made a living as a doctor and helped raise several well-educated children. 

The earliest record I can find for Robert is the 1850 census, where a 7-year-old Robert is listed in the household of 37-year-old Nancy Hart, along with William Hart (age 14), Duval (possibly Derral, most likely a misspelling of Derrill) Hart (9) and John Hart (5.)  Robert's mother was 37 years old then but was named Anne per the first records I found. Family trees on ancestry.com, though with no supporting documents attached, list her name as "Ann Nancy Singleton Falconer Hart." A cemetery record for the Falconer cemetery in Sprague, Alabama lists her as Nancy Singleton Hart, living from January 20, 1813 to April 25, 1868, which matches other records, so apparently Nancy Ann/Anne or Ann/Anne Nancy was her name. (I will simply use "Ann Nancy" for the purposes of this story,) 

Benjamin Hart passed away a few months before this census took place.

Robert's brother Benjamin (probably formally Benjamn III), his second oldest sibling (I have found nothing about his oldest brother Horace), was living in Columbia, South Carolina in 1850, with another Benjamin Hart, probably his grandfather, given his age of 84 years old. The younger Benjamin was a 16 year-old student. Also in the household was the family of John Thompson, a physician. Benjamin may have been attending the College of South Carolina, known today as the University of South Carolina.

I found very little record of the family on the 1860 census. Edward was a teacher who lived with Thomas Meriwether, a wealthy planter and slaveowner in Montgomery. Also in Montgomery, living with the H.W. Henry family, is a clerk by the name of William T. Hart, who might have been Edward's brother William F. Hart. H.W. Henry was another wealthy planter and slaveowner.)

The book History of Kentucky, published in 1922, states that Robert S. Hart had been born near Montgomery, Alabama and received his medical education in Baltimore before practicing medicine for several years in Alabama. He then came to Kentucky in 1875 to take over the practice of his future father-in-law, Robert Wason. It does not specify how he knew the Wasons or was able to get that job.

Robert does not seem to be on the 1860 census, but does appear on the 1870 record, which lists him as a physician and shows him living in the household of a Moses Bledsoe, a 65 year-old illiterate African-American farmer in "Township Thirteen" in Ramer, Montgomery County, Alabama. This list states that Robert had $2,000 of real estate and $100 of personal property, but shows no values for Mr. Bledsoe. It records the rest of the household as one woman who appears to be Moses' wife, an African-American female housekeeper and one white male whose occupation was teacher. I did not find Moses Bledsoe on any other census record, but am curious about what type of relationship Robert and the Bledsoes had. Were the Bledsoes former family slaves? Or were they long-time neighbors or acquaintances of some sort? Perhaps they just happened to have rooms available for men who needed someplace to stay.

Of course, that may be a different Robert S. Hart, but his age of 27 matches the 1843 birth date listed on his headstone and the occupation matches other records as does the location noted as Montgomery County

More details, including a possible conflict to this record, is on ancestry.com, from the Directory of Deceased American Physicians, 1804-1929. It states that Robert's practice type was "allopath" and that he had studied at College of Physicians and Surgeons of Baltimore, which eventually merged with the University of Maryland School of Medicine. It adds "1869 (g)," which could mean he graduated that year. The possible conflict is that it mentions his "practice specialty" was  was "Pisgah, Ky, 1869." That seems nonsensical but might mean that was when and where he started his practice (which would contradict the History of Kentucky book mentioned previously.) If so, how did he do that and live with the Bledsoes at the same time? Perhaps he was starting his practice in Kentucky, but was in the process of moving from Alabama when the census was taken. He may have stayed with the Bledsoes as a temporary boarder while moving. 

Also, since the Physicians book was published after his death, perhaps the author received wrong information. A date could be forgotten, especially so long after the fact. My interpretation of what "Pisgah, Ky, 1969" means may be wrong also.

Robert Hart married Rebecca on February 24, 1876. The 1880 census lists them in the household of his in-laws, the Wasons, in the Court House precinct of Woodford County, Kentucky. It lists him as a physician again while his in-laws were a "farmer" and "keeping house." The household included his wife Rebecca (listed as a "boarder") and four of her siblings. It does mistakenly note his birthplace as Kentucky, though the 1870 census had shown Alabama. 

The few existing records of the 1890 census do not bring up Robert Singleton's name, but the 1900 census shows him in the Fairground Precinct of Woodford County, in a house (on a mortgaged farm) with his wife and five children, including Derrill. This record does show Alabama as his birthplace and South Carolina as the birthplace for his mother and father. His occupation is again noted as "physician" and the record indicates he had been married to Rebecca for 24 years.

The last census on which Robert would appear, that of 1910, recorded similar information as the previous one, except for showing only 3 children in the Harts' home. This enmerstion also added "& farm owner" to "physician" as his occupation. A previously linked book, History of Woodford CountyKentucky, lists Robert as an elder of the Pisgah Prebyterian Church. 

Dr. Robert Singleton Hart passed away at his home on Versailles Pike in Woodford County, Kentucky, on March 21, 1916 due to heart issues that had left him ill for three weeks. He was buried in the Pisgah Presbyterian Church cemetery. 

Obituary from Kentucky Kernel

Courtesy findagrave.com

The 1920 census shows the widowed Rebecca still living on a Woodford County farm, along the Lexington Pike. Her son Robert Jr. and sister Kate Powell were in the same household, with Robert listed as the farm manager.

Similar information appears on the 1930 enumeration, though their name was misspelled "Heart." They now had two African-American servants on the farm, which was located on Pisgah Pike.

The History of Kentucky book offers a brief description of the Hart farm, stating it sat on the county line and was "a place of much beauty and is greatly endeared to Mrs. Hart" because of her many family ties to that land. She had been born in the same house where she was still living seventy years later.

This book briefly mentions the lives of their five children - Ben, Margaret, Robert Jr., Mary and Derrill. Four of them graduated from college, and the one who did not died before having that chance. (Again, note the re-use of names between generations.)

Here are a few more details on the lives of Derrill Wason Hart's siblings, all, of course the sons and daughters of a Confederate veteran and nephews/nieces of 5 others. 

Ben was born in 1882 and, as of 1910, was single, living in Covington, Ky., and working as a chemist at U.S. Department of Agriculture. In 1911, he married Charlotte Forsythe Buckner. She had also been born in 1882, but in Lexington, Kentucky.) They lived in Cincinnati, (perhaps where they had married, though one source says they wed in Lexington) and in 1930 they lived as lodgers in San Francisco. His occupation there was "executive" at what appeared to be "Alaska Pks," perhaps the Alaska Packers Association. By 1940, the couple was back in Woodford County, living with his brother Robert and uncle Robert Wason. Ben died in 1949 and is buried in Pisgah Cemetery, along with Charlotte, who lived until 1956. (As an aside, Charlotte was the niece of Union Civil War veteran Benjamin Buckner, the subject of the book For Slavery and Union, which I will review later. I find it fascinating that my research has a connection, even so small, to a book like that.)

Robert Jr., born in 1887, had finished 4 years of study at Clark University and worked in chemistry and farming. The History of Kentucky book linked previously states he became ill while at school and moved back home. In 1920, he lived in Woodford County with his mom and aunt, managing the farm, as was the case in 1930, when he was still unmarried. In 1940, he still resided on the farm, and the household now included his brother Ben, Ben's wife and their uncle Robert Wason. He died on May 17, 1960, in nearby Lexington, from heart issues. His death certificate states he was married by then, but did not give his wife's name. Like much of his family, he was laid to rest in the Pisgah Cemetery.

Margaret Rebecca, born February 8, 1885, lived in Garden City on Long Island, New York by 1930.  She had married Robert H. Wyld and finished 4 years of college but was not working as of the 1940 census. They had at least two children, son James and daughter Ann Falconer Blizard. Margaret died in September of 1975 in Garden City.

The youngest Hart daughter, Mary Worley Hart, died at sixteen years of age on August 29, 1906 and was interred in the Pisgah Cemetery.

Rebecca Wright Wason Hart lived until July 13, 1932 and was buried in Pisgah Cemetery.

Courtesy findagrave.com

Robert Singleton Hart's parents (Derrill's paternal grandparents) were Benjamin and Ann Nancy Singleton (Falconer) Hart. Benjamin was born on June 28, 1811, apparently in South Carolina and wed Ann Nancy in 1833. Ann Nancy (née Falconer), was born January 20, 1813 in the Sumter District of South Carolina. 

I did find a Benjamin Hart on the 1840 census in Montgomery, but the lack of detail on that record makes it hard to know with full confidence if this is the same man. It indicates 21 people were in his household, including 14 slaves and 1 "free colored person."

Benjamin passed away December 23,1849 in Montgomery and was buried in the Falconer Cemetery in Sprague, Alabama.

Ann Nancy appeared on the 1850 census with four of her children, as mentioned previously, and the 1850 Federal Slave Schedule shows her (listed as Nancy) owning 18 slaves, so it is likely she inherited them from Benjamin. The 1860 slave census then shows her owning 37 slaves, more than double the previous decade's total. According to the ages on the list, 13 of the additional slaves had been born since the previous census, but it is obvious that Ann Nancy had somehow acquired several others, through purchase, trade or other inheritance. This family must have been in very good shape financially. 

Ann Nancy, who died April 25, 1868, was interred alongside her husband in the Falconer Cemetery. Their daughter Martha Eugenia Hart (1839-1871) also was laid to rest there.

None of the Hart family found extreme fame or fortune, but their family story includes several interesting and diverse chapters, from leadership roles and fighting in the Civil War to careers in medicine, chemistry, publishing, botany and farming. It includes participation in college athletics and service in the navy, with family members living throughout the country from South Carolina to Alabama, Texas, Kentucky, Florida, California and New York. 

Derrill Wason Hart, Kentucky basketball player, was the son of a Confederate veteran and the nephew of 5 others. He had no children, but left a legacy including the flower garden at his alma mater and the Derrill Hart Medal. His story branched out in many different directions, in and out of the Civil War.

The Civil War experiences of his father and uncles and Derrill Hart's own Kentucky basketball career join together two of my favorite interests and make for what I consider a truly fascinating and unique story for My Civil War Obsession. It ended up being a lot longer than I anticipated but has been a really fun, and even educational, project for me, probably the favorite one I have worked on for this blog. I hope I have given this family's story a fair telling and that all who have read it have enjoyed it as much as I have enjoyed finding it.

Tuesday, April 26, 2016

1859 Article: A Logical Solution

This story is from the Covington Journal of October 29, 1859.

This little anecdote has no real direct war connection but does discuss a key issue of the time, and after I read it, I thought it was worth sharing. 

A Kentuckian in an Easy Fix

Col. H., returning from a Northern tour, encountered on his way to Cincinnati, a large number of Quakers, of both sexes, returning from an abolition celebration at Cleveland, Ohio. As the cars moved on he became engaged in conversation with one of the Friends, and in its course the subject of slavery naturally arose. The conversation increased in warmth and interested, and enlisted the attention of everyone present - the Quakers asserting their utmost horror of slavery, and the Southerner maintaining with equal feeling its justice and humanity. Stopping finally at a way station, a new passenger entered - a large, fine-looking mulatto woman, holding a baby in her arms.

Looking around to find a seat, and observing a vacant one occupied in part by Col. H., she proceeded to seat herself. The Colonel, with a characteristic courtesy, made way for the ample display of crinoline. A few moments elapsed, when the dark-skinned Venus turned suddenly to the Colonel and inquired:

"Mister, did you see any yellar trunk put aboard this train?"

"Well, really, madam," rejoined the Kentuckian, "there are so many yellow trunks that I am unable to say whether the one to which you allude was put aboard or not."

This did not suffice our heroine. In a moment or two, the colonel having declined an invitation to go out and look for her "yeller trunk," she arose suddenly and extending the infant African in her arms in the direction of our friend, exclaimed:

"Mister, will you hold this 'ere babe of mine while I  go and see after that 'ere yellar trunk?"

The colonel assuring her, with inaffable grace and dignity, that he would only be too happy to oblige her, proceeded to dandle in his arms the sooty off-spring of my lady. By this time mirth pervaded every countenance, and ineffectual efforts to suppress a general titter told of the amusement the picture afforded. Moments fled - the whistle sounded - but Venus did not make her appearance. Matters seemed coming to a crisis. At least one of the broadbrims, inspired by a benevolent comprehension of the burden the Kentuckian's politeness seemed about to entail upon him; perhaps not unwilling to add to the slightest malicious and excusable merriment of his anti-Southern associates, crept up to the seats occupied by the subject of this anecdote, send whispered, in a tone audible to all:

"Friend, art thou not afraid that she will leave it with thee?"

"Leave it with me, my dear sir," rejoined Col. H., turning around so that he could be distinctly heard by all persons and dropping his voice to a loud whisper: 

"Why, that is just what I should like. It's worth three hundred dollars in Kentucky!"

The few Southerners present shouted with laughter, and the discomfiture of the disciples of Brotherly Love and sly fun (sic) was delightful to behold.

----

As I read this at first, I did not think it would be a fit for this blog, but the punchline (for lack of a better term) - one perhaps I should have anticipated - convinced me otherwise. Even if this story is not literally 100% true, the Colonel's attitude it describes struck me as noteworthy. He obviously believed in slavery and that this young person was merely another piece of property to buy and sell. 

The stereotype of a "Southern Gentleman," with "characteristic courtesy" and "grace and dignity" comes through quite clearly in his character. Had the author included a physical description of the man wearing a fine suit and top hat, or perhaps well-groomed facial hair, it would have been a perfect fit.

"Kentucky Gentleman" Decanter by Barton Brands"

Also interesting was the various terms the author used to describe the mother - "mulatto," "heroine," "Venus," as well as and how the story portrayed her accent, but not the Colonel's. 

I did learn that a crinoline is a piece of women's clothing, worn under a dress or skirt to make it wider (and thus requiring understanding from a seatmate on a train.)

Thursday, April 21, 2016

Review: Texas Yankee: Homecoming by Jerry P. Orange



Jerry P. Orange
Copyright 2012
CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform


After not doing many book reviews in recent months, I suddenly have done two in a row.

This book is different than most I review. It is a novel, a work of fiction. I have only reviewed such works once or twice, but will do my best on this one, offering my honest thoughts on it.

First, I must say I did receive a free copy of this for review. That will not affect my opinions, but readers should know that upfront.

Texas Yankee: Homecoming is  pleasant and entertaining read. It is set in the aftermath of the Civil War and tells a story that includes love, post-war tensions, adventure, secrecy and even messages from beyond the grave.

It focuses on the romantic relationship between distant cousins Joshua and Sarah, though Joshua is the main character, a young Union veteran trying to establish himself as a rancher, husband and father. It does introduce their families, friends and others in their circle, many of whom become familiar to the reader throughout the book.

It is a well-written story, with a style that makes it a quick and easy read. It is enjoyable.

It also has a very happy storyline. I do not want to give anything away, but I felt it featured much more good fortune than bad for most of the characters. The struggles seem to come and go quickly in this story, with happier times returning soon and the good outweighing the bad. That helps make the book more fun, though perhaps more drama might be expected from such a work. (For instance, I thought the tensions between an ex-Union soldier and his former Confederate family and neighbors could have been exploited a bit more.)

Overall, this is a fun read. In some aspects, I wish it had been a longer book and had explored some storylines more deeply or developed a few other potential ones, but the story it does tell is a fine one. It may not be a perfect match for this blog, but it does include some brief Civil War aspects and was a brief but pleasant diversion for me. It is a fine book for anyone looking for something fun to read.

Thursday, April 14, 2016

Book Review: Correspondence from Perryville by Jamie Gillum


By Jamie Gillum 
Copyright 2014
CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform

This is the most recent Perryville book that I have learned about, acquired and read. It is a good book, bringing back to life several forgotten viewpoints to the story of this battle.

The purpose of the book was to share insights and thoughts about the battle from soldiers who had fought there and then recorded their observations in writing before sending them to newspapers for publication. It accomplishes this by reprinting many of these writings (as well as some from newspaper correspondents.) The author does warn readers about the questionable reliability of newspaper reports from the era, but argues that correspondence from the actual soldiers have a trustworthiness that stories from the regular newspaper correspondents often lack. He also believes the soldier reports may be overlooked as a source in modern studies of the battle, so the majority of reports in this book are from soldiers.

The correspondence comes from many different soldiers and newspapers, both north and south, some from soon after the fighting and others published decades later. The variety is certainly impressive, as the reports cover a wide range of units in the battle and different locations throughout the field. Many viewpoints are represented.

Correspondence From Perryville prints these reports in the order of their newspaper publication. The stories are edited so they only discuss this battle, though some apparently were much longer in their original form. The author does provide brief introductions to each piece and follows them by listing their sources.

In some of these introductions, as well as in footnotes throughout the book, author Jamie Gillum offers insight into some of these reports, noting mistakes the writers made and offering other bits of information. He also contends that some of the collected correspondence contradicts modern scholarship. According to him, these descriptions of the battle show the fight started on the left flank of the Union line, not toward the center as modern scholars and interpreters claim. I wish he had gone further in-depth on this issue, but that was likely beyond the scope of this book. He kept his and the book's focus on the  newspaper accounts, letting them mostly speak for themselves. (Further discussion of his opinions on the battle can be found on the Civil War Talk discussion board and on his Perryville blog.)

This book is an easy read, even though most of the writing is from the late 1800s. Some correspondence is shorter than other pieces, but the brief introductions help them fit together coherently to give the book a readable flow. At times, I did wonder if the author could have organized the stories differently - perhaps by units? - but given the wide variety of units represented in these reports, that may have been difficult. The chronological format does work very well. (The detailed numerical and alphabetical indices are very helpful in finding mentions of specific units and helps the chosen format work. The table of contents is nice as well.)

As I finished this book, one of my first thoughts was that this book would be better for people who are at least somewhat familiar with the battle than for those just learning about it. Previous knowledge of this contest, either through other reading or by visits to the field, will help make it easier to understand the terrain features and unit locations mentioned throughout the book. In this regard, I do wish the book included at least one modern version of a battlefield map, but that is a minor quibble.   

I did find another review of this book; that reviewer appreciated this book because it uses the soldiers' own words to describe the severity of the fighting at Perryville, a very valid point. That person then took a position contrary to mine and would like to have read this book prior to visiting the battlefield. I must acknowledge that perhaps my initial comment is applicable to any book on any battle, not just this one. It may simply be another "chicken or the egg" scenario, but my "gut feeling" on this one was that it would be especially valuable for those who already have some knowledge of this battle. 

This work takes a different approach of describing the battle than most books do and it does give a more personal, rather than scholarly, view of the fighting and the effects it had on the men, land and town. The words the soldiers used give this book a different feel than most books, which usually feature just a few quotes. Their recall of what happened on the field, as well as the "when" and "where" also add more evidence to consider for those trying to interpret the battle. 

This book is unique among the Perryville literature I'm familiar with and definitely belongs on the bookshelf of anyone interested in this fight. I certainly recommend it without hesitation.

Friday, April 8, 2016

Ancestors in the Civil War: the McIntosh Brothers

few years ago I finally learned that some of my direct ancestors did serve in the Civil War. Here is a link to a brief post I wrote  about Nimrod McIntosh and Henderson TurnerThat entry, however, has some errors that I apparently never went back to correct, so I will update it here for Nimrod and in a separate entry for Henderson.

Nimrod, my 3-times great grandfather, joined Company D of the 7th Kentucky Infantry in November 1862 at Booneville, Ky., for a 3 year term, according to records at fold3.com. Records show that he may have been only 17 years old at the time, so he may have lied about his age in order to enroll. (Most census records show he was likely born in 1845, though another one indicates 1843 may have been his birth year, while I have also seen 1840 listed.) He became ill early in 1863 while the unit was at Young's Point, Louisiana and apparently spent some time at a convalescent camp in Carrollton, Louisiana which was then a Union-controlled suburb of New Orleans. Nimrod was listed "absent sick on a hospital steamer" on March 14, 1863 and shown in St. Louis by April 1. At this city, he was in a hospital at Jefferson Barracks. The illness somehow spread to his back according to his pension records, and he transferred to Company F of the 5th Regiment of the Veterans Reserve Corps (formerly called the Invalid Corps) in Indianapolis in August of 1863, remaining in that unit for the duration of the war. By joining so late in the year and becoming ill so early the next year, he missed out on the 7th Kentucky's campaigns and fighting. Nimrod collected a pension for the rest of his life due to this injury and his widow collected it after his death in 1898. I have copies of his pension file and need to read through it again and will perhaps post about it here in the future.

A few non-lineal ancestors, distant uncles or cousins, were also involved in the Civil War. This group includes Nimrod's brother Richard "Crippled Dick" McIntosh. He was also a private in Company K of the 14th Kentucky Cavalry, (see also this link) which was a common unit for my ancestors. He was injured in action in Breathitt County, Ky., suffering a broken thigh, survived the war and eventually died in 1928 at the Soldier's Home in Dayton, Ohio. According to military paperwork on fold3.com, he stood 5 feet, 5 inches tall, with black hair and eyes and dark complexion. He was a farmer who enlisted in Breathitt County on December 3, 1862 for a term of one year. The company was mustered in at Camp Nelson, though one page indicates Richard's mustering in may have been delayed due to his injury.

The 14th Kentucky Cavalry remained mostly in Eastern Kentucky guarding against Confederate guerrillas and possible raiders in the mountainous area.

Saturday, April 2, 2016

Early Anti-Civil War Comments

Here are two stories found in the Covington Journal of July 13, 1861. Some fighting in the war had already occurred, but the first Battle of Bull Run - and the realization that this would be a long, hard war - was still a few days away.  Nevertheless, that did not stop one speaker from expressing not anti-war thoughts, but anti-civil war thoughts. It is interesting that he deprecated Civil War, but believed "glory and honor" were available in other wars. The second article also specifically disapproves of civil war and clearly considers the disputes over slavery as a reason for the turmoil, while referring to states' rights as well. 

The second story showcases a bit of the partisanship concerning the war, at least from the media's perspective. I occasionally hear people today complaining about "biased" journalism or of highly partisan politics, but many people do not seem to understand that these issues are nothing new, and often are even less intense than in the past.

It is also noteworthy that both stories mention William Seward, along with Lincoln, as among those to blame, showing that the writers held Seward in high regard - perhaps as high as they held the President at this point -much like Seward himself did.


Untitled Story
Hon. Edmund Burke of Newport, N.H., at a meeting recently called in that city for the purpose of raising funds for a volunteer company, said:

"This war is a war against our own brothers. There is no glory to be won in such a war. There were both glory and honor to be won in a war against a foreign enemy, but not in the miserable business of butchering our own brothers."

True - every word of it, and people are beginning to open their eyes to the unconstitutional acts of Lincoln, Seward & Co., - the men who appear so anxious to have our "hitherto glorious banner made the standard or apologist of Despotism;" and "to have it so stained with the blood of brothers, and covered so thick with the clots of human kindred gore, that we can no longer tell how many stars are on it, or whether any still shine there!"

This was reprinted from the Bridgeport Farmer of Connecticut

The Democracy Against the War
Our exchanges from all portions of the free States, show that the Democracy are very generally giving their voices against the unnecessary and unnatural civil war, inaugurated by Seward, Lincoln, Giddings &c., for the invasion of Sovereign States, and the abolition of slavery. The Democratic press of the West is beginning to express itself very plainly against the war. And so of the Democratic press of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Connecticut, Maine and other States.

This was reprinted from the Concord Standard of New Hampshire